The padron certificate explained

Raymundo LarraĆ­n Nesbitt, August, 3. 2021

Lawyer Raymundo Larrain briefly explains to us why and how to register with your town hall’s census, this is known as empadronamiento in Spanish.

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Inset photo: redacted padron certificate

By Raymundo Larraín Nesbitt
Director of Larraín Nesbitt Abogados
8th of August 2021

What is a certificado de empadronamiento?

A certificado de empadronamiento is a certificate that confirms you are registered at your local town hall census. It is often referred to in Spanish as Padrón. To register oneself is called empadronarse, in Spanish.

What’s its purpose?

It’s basically used to keep tabs on demographic data, which enables the state to allocate more efficiently public resources to different cities and towns based on its registered population. The more citizens registered in a census, the more resources and money the town is allocated by the government.

For example, this translates into a larger number of ambulances, firemen, police officers, street cleaners, etc.

Who needs a Padrón?

It is normally used on applying for Spanish residency, either individually or collectively. But it is also required on a number of other cases, as collated below.

Padrón uses

  • Vote
  • Apply/renew your residency permit
  • Apply for a public health insurance card
  • Entitles to free vaccination during the pandemic (Covid-19 jab, etc)
  • To apply for a mortgage loan or any kind of loan (required for tax reasons)
  • Get married
  • Enrol children in local schools
  • Buy/sell a car
  • To claim benefits
  • To attain subsidies


Documents required to enrol yourself

This changes from one town hall to the next, and also depending on your own personal circumstances, so I will not be listing any.


Much like a NIE number, a padron certificate is just one of those documents you will constantly need in Spain in your day-to-day life. You should apply for one as soon as possible to save yourself much aggravation.

You can hire our padron service for a very competitive fee: (Costa del Sol & Sotogrande only):



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Article originally published at Spanish Property Insight: The Padron certificate explained

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